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WordPress 伪静态规则(IIS/Apache/Nginx)

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不少朋友总是询问 WordPress 如何添加伪静态规则,今天倡萌就总结一下 IIS/Apache/Nginx 三种环境下的伪静态规则,希望对大家有所帮助。

检测主机是否支持伪静态的方法:在WP后台 > 设置 > 固定链接,设置为 默认带?的那种结构,然后访问任何一篇文章,如果出现 404 错误,说明你的主机当前不支持 WordPress 伪静态。

WordPress 伪静态规则(IIS/Apache/Nginx)

IIS伪静态规则

IIS 环境是 Windows 主机常用的服务器环境,新建一个 txt 文件,将下面的代码添加到文件中:

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[ISAPI_Rewrite] # Defend your computer from some worm attacks #RewriteRule .*(?:global.asa|default/.ida|root/.exe|/./.).* . [F,I,O] # 3600 = 1 hour  CacheClockRate 3600 RepeatLimit 32   # Protect httpd.ini and httpd.parse.errors files # from accessing through HTTP # Rules to ensure that normal content gets through  RewriteRule /tag/(.*) /index/.php/?tag=$1 RewriteRule /software-files/(.*) /software-files/$1 [L] RewriteRule /images/(.*) /images/$1 [L] RewriteRule /sitemap.xml /sitemap.xml [L] RewriteRule /favicon.ico /favicon.ico [L] # For file-based wordpress content (i.e. theme), admin, etc. RewriteRule /wp-(.*) /wp-$1 [L] # For normal wordpress content, via index.php RewriteRule ^/$ /index.php [L] RewriteRule /(.*) /index.php/$1 [L]

[ISAPI_Rewrite] # Defend your computer from some worm attacks #RewriteRule .*(?:global.asa|default/.ida|root/.exe|/./.).* . [F,I,O] # 3600 = 1 hourCacheClockRate 3600 RepeatLimit 32 # Protect httpd.ini and httpd.parse.errors files # from accessing through HTTP # Rules to ensure that normal content gets throughRewriteRule /tag/(.*) /index/.php/?tag=$1 RewriteRule /software-files/(.*) /software-files/$1 [L] RewriteRule /images/(.*) /images/$1 [L] RewriteRule /sitemap.xml /sitemap.xml [L] RewriteRule /favicon.ico /favicon.ico [L] # For file-based wordpress content (i.e. theme), admin, etc. RewriteRule /wp-(.*) /wp-$1 [L] # For normal wordpress content, via index.php RewriteRule ^/$ /index.php [L] RewriteRule /(.*) /index.php/$1 [L]

然后另存为 httpd.ini 文件,上传到WordPress站点的根目录即可。

Apache伪静态规则

Apache是 Linux 主机下常见的环境,现在一般的 Linux 虚拟主机都采用这种环境。新建一个 htaccess.txt 文件,添加下面的代码:

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<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteBase / RewriteRule ^index/.php$ - [L] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule . /index.php [L] </IfModule>

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteBase / RewriteRule ^index/.php$ - [L] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule . /index.php [L] </IfModule>

然后上传到 WordPress 站点的根目录,重命名为 .htaccess 即可

Nginx伪静态规则

Nginx环境一般是Linux 主机 VPS或服务器用户用的比较多,这些用户一般都会自己配置Nginx,或者有专门的人帮你配置,打开 nginx.conf 或者某个站点的配置环境,比如 wpdaxue.com.conf(不同人配置的不一样),在  server   { } 大括号里面添加下面的代码:

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location / { if (-f $request_filename/index.html){                 rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;         } if (-f $request_filename/index.php){                 rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;         } if (!-f $request_filename){                 rewrite (.*) /index.php;         } }

location / { if (-f $request_filename/index.html){ rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break; } if (-f $request_filename/index.php){ rewrite (.*) $1/index.php; } if (!-f $request_filename){ rewrite (.*) /index.php; } }

保存,重启 Nginx 即可。

题外话:倡萌一直不推荐在 windows 的IIS服务器下安装 WordPress,因为 IIS 环境运行php程序的效率,相对同等配置下 Linux 的 Apache 和 Nginx 环境,要低的多,具体可以看看